The time of the menstrual cycle varies from one woman to another. A normal period remains just for 3-7 days. Prolong bleeding is considered normal but if it consistently occurs for several months, then denotes some severe problem. Menorrhagia is the medical term used to indicate heavy menstrual bleeding. It is nothing but regular uterine bleeding, which demonstrates itself as prolonged bleeding that remain beyond seven days in a woman. A woman suffering from such problem needs to change tampons and sanitary napkins after every hour. Women often experience huge discomfort due to such a serious heavy menstrual bleeding. Further, abnormal bleeding also become the main obstacle in their day-to-day tasks.
Menorrhagia mostly occurs because of hormonal imbalance that induces menstruation without ovulation. In normal menstruation, the expel of an egg from the ovaries ensures the body’s development of progesterone. Progesterone is considered one potent hormone because it is responsible for keeping period regular. In case, no egg is expelled, inadequate progesterone result in abnormal menstrual bleeding. Menstruation without ovulation (anvoulatory cycles) is common among teenage girls who have newly started a menstrual period and women belong to 40-50 age groups. Adolescent girls are especially susceptible to anovulatory cycles in the first year once menstruating started. Women from 40-50 age groups are more likely to suffer from hormonal changes that result in anvoulatory cycles.
POSSIBLE CAUSE OF ABNORMAL MENSTRUAL BLEEDING
• Hormonal Imbalance:-
During normal menstruation, estrogen and progesterone hormone encourage the formation of the endometrial lining, which is then spill during menstrual cycle. Among women with hormonal imbalance often lining of uterus formulates extensively. Hence, when it actually spills during the monthly cycle, abnormal menstrual bleeding takes place.
• Uterine polyps:-
Uterine polyps take place in women during their childbearing age, majorly because of elevated hormonal levels in the body. Polyps mainly build up on the endometrial lining of the uterus and often came with long duration of menstrual bleeding.
• Dysfunction of the ovaries:-
The bleeding occurs because of dysfunction of the ovaries. In this situation, the ovaries fail to occur normally. In simple words, the ovaries fail to produce a normal egg every month. This indicates your body incapable to produce hormone called progesterone. Hence, this condition gives an open invitation to hormone imbalance and may lead to menorrhagia.
• Uterine fibroids:-
Uterine fibroids are nothing but noncancerous tumors, which typically build up in the uterus of a woman at the time of childbearing years. Uterine fibroids frequently develop symptoms like abnormal menstrual bleeding.
• Pregnancy complication:-
A single, heavy and irregular period could be the reasons of a miscarriage. If bleeding takes place at normal duration of menstruation, in that case miscarriage is doubtful. Various risk factors like implantation of a fertilized egg in the Fallopian tube and ectopic pregnancy give rise to the development of menorrhagia.
• Certain drugs:-
Certain medication such as anti-inflammatory medication, hormone drugs result in heavy implantation bleeding symptoms.
• Certain health disorders:-
Diseases like kidney disease, pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, thyroid problem, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer and cervical cancer also contribute in the development of this condition, in rare cases.
This condition takes place when glands from endometrium enclosed firmly in the uterine muscle. This in turn frequently results in abnormal bleeding and irritating menstruation. Middle aged women who had children are at higher risk of developing Adenomyosis. In this medical condition, tissues that are responsible for lining up the uterus form within the uterus.
• Intrauterine device (IUD):-
Menorrhagia is the biggest consequence of utilizing a nonhormonal intrauterine device for birth control. Since IUD is leading reason behind the occurrence abnormal menstrual bleeding, you must eliminate it.
TREATMENT TO GET RID OF MENORRHAGIA
The success of menorrhagia treatment totally relies on a number of factors such as the intensity of the condition, the prime cause of problem and the health condition of a woman. Birth control pills are highly recommended by the physician as they assist in regulating the monthly periods, thus consequently prevents heavy and abnormal bleeding. In order to get rid of hormonal imbalances, oral progesterone medications are suggested to the women. These medications offer sufficient levels of progesterone in the uterus lining, hence, once it is spill the chances of normal bleeding increases.
To get relief from menstrual cramps, most of doctors often suggest to use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication. These medications play a significant role in cutting down the amount of blood loss and controls heavy bleeding. If the abnormal bleeding occurs because of some drugs, the physician makes changes in medicine immediately and provides other suitable medicine to the patient.
In case, if the medication prescribed by the doctor are failing to provide the desired results, they often give preference to various surgical treatments. Heavy menstrual bleeding aggravates the health of a woman severely. Hence, if medication fails physician often recommend surgical treatment like endometrial ablation, endometrial resection, operative hysteroscopy, hysterectomy and dilation and curettage to the patient to cope with prolonged menstrual bleeding at earliest. Some of these surgical treatment even removes the uterus. This is because for women of childbearing age medication therapy only recommended.
The Major consequence of abnormal bleeding that it leads to abundant loss of blood in a woman, so consequently make her highly prone to anemia blood disorder. Therefore, in addition to treatment mentioned above, women should incorporate a balanced, healthy diet filled with iron. Along with a healthy diet, daily exercise also vital in maintaining a healthy body and for ensuring monthly period. Exercises like yoga, climbing stair, running, walking and other aerobic exercise also proven extremely helpful for a calm mind and the body. Exercise is the natural alternative solution to the medication.