Tobacco is extracted from the dried leaves of the plants from the nicotiana tabacum. It is an herbaceous annual or perennial plant and belongs to the family of solanaceae. The tobacco plant is oval in shape and has a thick, hairy stem and large simple leaves. Tobacco is also referred as Viriginian tobacco or cultivated tobacco. Originally plant of tobacco is originated in South America in the early 20th century. The plant of tobacco produces red, cream or white flowers, which grows in large clusters and are tubular in appearance. There are hundreds of varieties of tobacco produced in all over the world. The most common types include aromatic fire cure, bright leaf tobacco, burley tobacco, Cavendish, Turkish tobacco, shade tobacco, criollo tobacco, dokha tobacco, perique, pipe tobacco, shade tobacco, Y1 tobacco, wild tobacco and so on. A recent study conducted in US has found that about 3.2% of people above the age of 12 utilized smokeless tobacco.
The habit of chewing tobacco is considered as very unclean habit by many people. People usually held the substance in the mouth and then spit out. Most chewers have a spit that they carry consistently or some spit into periodically. People have developed wrong conception about tobacco. They engage in this habit because they think that it is not as harmful as smoking cigarettes. However, this is totally a wrong conception because tobacco contains nicotine that has hazardous effects on health. Nicotine and carcinogenic compound present in tobacco are extremely dangerous and contributes several life threatening diseases. However, the list of side effects of tobacco on human body is mentioned below:
ADVERSE EFFECTS OF TOBACCO ON YOUR BODY
The most serious risk of chewing tobacco is oral cancer. In addition, erosion of tooth enamel and tooth decay is some of the common causes of chewing tobacco. The habit of constantly chewing tobacco adversely affects the gums. In many cases, prolonged chewing of tobacco can also result in gum infection. In fact, sometimes gums could also pull back from the teeth from the place where tobacco is kept. Sometimes sugar or other ingredients are added to tobacco to improve its flavor, which in turn its long term use can increase and may result in several dental problems such as inflammation of mouth tissues, sore gums, tooth decay and sore throat. Prolonged chewing tobacco often destroys your taste buds. As a result, many times you won’t be able taste your favorite foods as well. Apart from these, discoloration of teeth and bad breath are said to be the common causes of chewing tobacco. In addition, leukoplakia is another cause of tobacco which develops white patches or spots in the mouth and tongue. These spots usually take place where people keep tobacco while chewing.
Affect on pregnancy:-
Consuming tobacco during pregnancy causes harmful effects on the health of the pregnant women as well as her baby. The possibilities of miscarriage and other pregnancy related complications such as ectopic pregnancy, bleeding and premature birth also increases. Besides that the chances of low birth weight baby or stillbirth increases.
Develops various cardiac diseases:-
Tobacco comprises of a high content of carbon monoxide which diminishes the level of oxygen in the blood. This is because the important organs such as brain heart and lungs are underprivileged of sufficient oxygen. As a result this condition affects the proper functioning of heart. Studies have found that those people who are addicted to smoking and tobacco are at a greater risk of developing heart attack, aortic aneurysm, blood clots, hemorrhages, high blood pressure and other cardiovascular diseases. Besides these, consumption of tobacco enhances the level of triglycerides and clotting factors and brings down the level good cholesterol that is HDL cholesterol in blood. This in turn results in stroke, coronary heart diseases, atherosclerotic peripheral vascular diseases, cerebrovascular diseases and so on.
Develops the risk of cancer:-
Chewing tobacco is the most leading cause of lung cancer. Tobacco and smoking develops the chances of risk of cancers of other body organs such as mouth, throat, esophagus, pancreas, stomach, bladder, kidney, cervix cancer. In some cases, leukoplakia is said to precursor of cancer among tobacco users. Consistent or prolonged use of tobacco can enhance the possibilities of development of tumor growth, which result in malignant. This disease takes place due to high content of nicotine and several carcinogens present in tobacco.
Affect brain functioning:-
The high content of nicotine drug present in tobacco makes you tobacco addictive and it attends to your brain immediately. This harmful content makes you feel good when you are smoking but, after smoking it makes you anxious, nervous, moody and depressed as well. The habit of chewing tobacco is the primary cause of headaches and dizziness as well.
Affects cognitive function:-
The use of tobacco can also result in cognitive dysfunction and increases the chances of life threatening Alzheimer’s disease as well.
Other side effects:-
Chewing tobacco results in several life threatening diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema, peptic ulcers, pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, diabetes, cataracts, chest infection, acute myeloid leukemia, vitamin A get reduce, early aging, lip cancer, burning sensation on tongue and lips, tooth abrasion, oral lesions, periodontal disease, brown staining and so on.
Since the effect of chewing tobacco is life threatening, people should stay away from this unhealthy habit. But, you should have a strong will power and never compromise with health as you know the well known saying health is wealth. Hence, respect you beautiful life which god has given you. And try to quit this unhealthy habit by various natural remedies as well as advanced develop medical treatment such as acupuncture, low level laser therapy, filters, herbs and supplements, medicines such as varenicline, bupropion and so on.