congestionCompression in chest often referred as chest congestion and this condition mostly denotes that person is going through from a viral infection. This condition usually arises in the winter season but it can be seen in summer season too. Chest pain and congestion has been assigned to accumulate enormous quantity of mucus in the lungs, which makes inhaling complex. Chest congestion is absolutely annoying and is frequently noticeable by irregular periods of coughing.

Chest congestion is responsible for making breathing vexatious and difficult. Affected person has to take high effort to inhale and exhale air. Mucus is a gel like slippery fluid secreted in lungs, avoids the entry of external particles into the lungs. It’s due to bacterial or viral infection, the production of mucus raises considerably. This aberrant accumulation of mucus gets trapped in the respiratory tract leads to chest congestion. Post nasal drip, staying in polluted atmosphere and smoking are some of the leading factors that maximize the chances of chest congestion. Other causes are as follows:

• Common Cold:
People affected by common cold regularly complain about this chest congestion. Common cold virus secretes the mucus in the lungs that makes chest congestion. Onset of viruses on the respiratory system gives rise to issue of sneezing and a running nose. However, chest congestion caused by common cold is not a severe issue and can be efficiently treated by medication.

• Flu:-
Influenza is popularly known as flu. It is a respiratory disorder. In this case the respiratory membranes get swollen, stimulating huge amount of mucus production. This constricts airways, which turns out as chest congestion.

• Asthma:-
Asthma patients also suffer from a feeling like chest congestion. Generally we all know that in asthma the air pathways that permit uninterrupted inhaling and exhaling of air becomes narrow because of inflammation. The swollen airways that are connected to the lungs fail to carry required amount of oxygen to maintain normal way of breathing. Minimized air flow in and out of the lungs contributes to shortness of breath and is compiled by the chest compression. Symptoms of this respiratory disorder flare up in winter and are more disquieting during night.

• Heart Problems:-
When you observe changes in the working of heart different than regular, this can have a straightway wrong impact on the function of lungs. The heart regulates blood circulation all over the body. However, in conditions like congestive heart failure (CHF), normal blood flow is interrupted. So the flow of blood from the lungs to the heart reverts. Thus, blood flow in opposite direction can cause extreme pressure on the veins that are moving towards lungs. This reverted flow of blood injures these veins drastically. The injured veins are unable to sustain this abnormal blood circulation, hence some quantity of blood scattered into the lungs. Such condition generally called as fluid filled lungs, which also gives a sensation of clogged chest. Chest congestion occurring from cardiac problems is typically noticed by edema (accumulation of fluid) in the hands and feet.

• Exposure to Harmful Gases:-
Breathing air that is marred by dangerous gases or fumes of toxic gases can aggravate the airways and the lungs. Patient body responds by producing vast quantity of mucus in order to trap the toxic substance. This can produce a sense of heavy chest pain and the person find extreme difficulty in breathing properly.

• Cystic Fibrosis:-
This is a disease at the genetic level in which excessive secretion of mucus in the lungs. This is a chronic condition that continues in families causing abnormal collection of mucus in the respiratory tract. This minimized airflow leads to complicated respiration and chest congestion.

• Bronchitis:-
People suffer from bronchitis generally experience chest congestion. Everyone might familiar that bronchitis is an inflammatory bronchial tube (airway for free flow of air into the respiratory system). Due to this, the mucous membranes that cover the bronchial tubes will be swollen; causing mucus secretion is higher than regular. Finally, the mucus expands and constricts the respiratory tract causing strain in respiration. Excessive amount of mucus thus secreted stores in the respiratory tract leads to chest congestion.

• Pneumonia:-
Pneumonia is another leading witness behind the hard sensation in the chest area, the swelling of lungs due to microbes like bacteria, fungi or virus causing infections. This Pneumonia is a life taking severe disease and can be life threatening if instant medical aid is not taken. The symptoms of viral pneumonia are chest pain accompanied by excess mucus accumulation in the lungs.

• Tuberculosis:-
Tuberculosis (TB) caused by bacteria named as mycobacterium Tuberculosis , which is life threatening disease that mainly affects the lungs, is referred as cause for the chest congestion . In this contagious problem of the lungs symptoms are coughing up of blood and respiratory problems. A chest X-ray of people suffering through tuberculosis frequently indicates collection of fluid that enhances slowly.

• Sinusitis:-
This illness can be one of the reasons behind excessive mucus secretion. Chest congestion is closely linked with the incidence of sinusitis. Sinuses are nothing but empty spaces that recline between the bones of your face. Four pairs of sinuses are present in our body and each sinus has its own mucous membrane lining that secrete mucus. It causes swelling of mucous membrane linings contributes to mucus production in high quantity. Since the sinuses and the respiratory system are interred connected, huge quantity of mucus secreted gets accumulated in the lungs which stimulate chest congestion.

• Allergies:-
Allergy caused chest congestion give rise to nose blockage and watery, itchy eyes. Allergens are substances that aggravate the lungs stimulating an infection. It can also turn into the form of Chest Congestion. Some Allergies seen in some individuals when the lungs are exposed to dust or other airborne particles or pollen .if the allergens are inhaled, person confronts nose irritation and frequent sneezing. The pathogens in inhaled air cause respiratory reactions that contribute to mucus secretion in enormous quantity.

Anton Lawrence
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