Know About Coronary Heart Diseases Causes and Symptoms

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Know About Coronary Heart Diseases Causes and Symptoms

Coronary Heart Diseases

At times, the supply of oxygen and blood flow is affected because the blood vessels are too narrow. As a result, the CHD or the coronary heart diseases occur, which is the most common form of heart disorders. The CHD is categorized to 3 different types.

Coronary Artery Disease

When there are plaque in the arteries which supplies blood to the heart, this disease occurs.

Peripheral Artery Disease

When there is a plaque in the arteries which supplies blood to the body’s arms and legs, this disease can be found.

Carotid Artery Disease

This disease can occur when the arteries that supplies blood to the brain develops a plaque.

Causes

  • The CHD occurs when the arteries develop a plaque or when the arteries that supply blood to the heart get hardened.
  • The coronary arteries have a wall like built up with the fat deposits or other substances. These arteries are responsible of supplying oxygen and blood to the heart.
  • As a result of the plaque or the wall built up, the arteries become narrow. The blood flow and oxygen supply are slowed down or get stopped.

Symptoms

The symptoms of the coronary heart diseases can be noticed only at certain point of times. They cannot be always identified because there are no symptoms at most of the times, even though the disease is present for years. This holds truth specifically during the initial stages of disease. Here are a few symptoms one may encounter when affected by CHD.

  • Exhaustion
  • Affected may experience chest pain, because the heart is deprived of adequate blood and oxygen. The rigorousness of the pain varies between person to person.
  • Pain or uneasiness in neck, jaw and back.
  • Pressure or pain in chest
  • Ache or uneasiness in shoulder and arms
  • Breathing troubles
  • When the affected is indulged in actives or become emotional, the pain grows and disappears gradually
  • Feeling of weakness, nausea and lightheaded.
  • A squeeze feeling on the chest, backbone, neck, breast bone, upper back, arms and stomach.

The symptoms for women vary from that of the men. A few of the common symptoms the women face are: –

  • Unusual tiredness
  • Inadequate sleep
  • Breathing troubles
  • Feeling exhausted generally
  • Dyspepsia

Heart Failure:

When the heart is no more capable of pumping and supplying blood to various parts of the body, heart failure occurs. This condition is a result of the injury of the heart muscles. This may be caused by heart attack or the high blood pressure, which is not in control and when the valve of the heart does not function properly. When the heart muscles are damaged, to keep up with the demand of the body, the muscles work much more than the muscles that are in healthy condition.

Causes of Heart Failure:

Heart failure is a chronic condition, which means it takes time to develop. Also, at times the disease may develop all of a sudden. Various heart problems can contribute to heart failure. If only the left side of the heart is affected, it is called left side heart failure, and when the right side of the heart is affected, it is called right side heart failure. However, most of the times, both sides are affected.

Systolic heart failure is a condition, when the heart muscles do not have the ability to pump the blood out of the heart, which has to be supplied to the entire body.

Diastolic heart failure is a condition where the blood fill up does not happen easily because the heart muscles become too stiff.

These conditions mean that the heart is no more in a healthy condition to pump and supply the blood the entire body. There are other reasons that cause heart failure.

  • Heart attack
  • Inherited heart diseases
  • Diseases in the heart valve
  • Anemia is severe stages
  • Arrhythmias or abnormal heart rhythms
  • More than adequate iron in the body
  • Amyloidosis
  • Emphysema
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Heart muscles weakening or infections
  • Thyroid that is underactive
  • Thyroid that is overactive

Symptoms:

The symptoms of heart failure often gradually begin to occur. Most of the times, they begin to occur when the affected person is active. As time passes on, the symptoms increase and the person may be difficulty in breathing and also other symptoms may occur when resting.

Other Symptoms

  • Heart attack
  • Exhaustion, weakness and fatigue
  • Cough
  • Lack of hunger
  • Liver or the abdomen becomes enlarged or they encounter swelling
  • Urge of urination during the nights
  • Irregular heartbeats and the pulses are faster
  • Hypertension
  • Breath shortness when lying down
  • Gain in weight
  • Diabetes
  • The heart valve getting damaged
  • Ankles, feet and legs getting swollen
  • Swelling of heart in blood relations

Stroke:

When the flow of blood ceases to the brain, stroke is induced. Stroke is also otherwise known as brain attack. When the flow of blood is stopped to the part of brain, then the oxygen supply is interrupted. When this occurs continuously for a few seconds, then cells in the brain die, which leads to permanent damage.

Causes:

Ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke are the two main types of stroke.

Ischemic Stroke:

When the blood clot is present in the blood vessels that supply blood to brain, the Ischemic stroke occurs.

The hemorrhagic stroke occurs when the blood vessels in the brain becomes delicate and feeble. These blood vessels break open and the blood seeps into brain.

The important risk factors of stroke are: –

  • Diabetes
  • Cholesterol of high levels
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Stroke history in the family
  • Age, old age, specifically above 55
  • Heart ailments
  • Lack of adequate blood flow in the leg
  • Lifestyle which is harmful. Few examples are drinking, obesity, wrong diet habits, consuming more than adequate salt, smoking and substance abuse.
  • The blood clots can develop in higher percentage to the people who consume birth control pills
  • The blood clots can develop in higher percentage to the people who consume birth control pills

Symptoms:

Based on the part of the brain that is affected, the symptoms vary. At times, the affected person never comes to know that he or she had a stroke, because the attack is sudden and warning symbols can be seen. When the first stroke occurs, the symptoms are rigorous.

If stroke is because of the bleeding in brain, then headaches occur.

  • The headache is severe all of a sudden
  • Headache worsens when lying flat
  • Headache is severe when waking up from sleep
  • Headache increases while sneezing, coughing and if positions are changed.

Other common symptoms of stroke are:

  • Variations in readiness
  • Problems in hearing
  • Taste buds and gland do not work properly
  • Variations in the ability of sensation of pain, compression or various temperatures
  • Coordination damage
  • Awkwardness
  • Memory loss
  • Vertigo
  • Cannot swallow easily
  • Ability to read and write changes
  • Bladder and bowel controls are lost
  • Muscles of face, arm and leg in any side of the body weaken
  • Mood swings
  • Vision issues like blurred vision and double vision
  • Walking difficulty
  • Cannot speak clearly and cannot understand properly.